How should you dress in winter? What are the basic items to keep warm? What means dressing in layers? What materials are best to conserve body heat?
The above sequence reflects only part of the many questions that the immigrant is formulated when confronted for the first time the winter cold. Hence we respond to them below.
In Canada and certain regions of the United States, where the dreaded winter is characterized by very low temperatures and prolonged snowfalls, dressing appropriately is essential to maintain health and carry out the routines of everyday life.
Of course, you can go out in the winter! It is also recommended. You just need shelter from the cold with the correct clothing. Thus, outdoor recreation provides a special enjoyment: sports, walking around the city, go shopping or simply arranged to get some fresh air.
The following tips will help you understand the dynamics of properly dressed against the cold and enjoy the winter:
1. Use layers of clothing
The golden advice to keep warm and functional body during the winter is to put clothes in layers. With this technique, the cold and humidity are controlled and the body heat is retained.
In general, three layers are recommended, depending on the task to be performed and the outside temperature. If few items are carried, the body cools immediately. If too many items are held, while the sweat moistens clothes and even a cold fish.
This same procedure applies to children who usually do not know how to deal with the feeling of cold and do not express spontaneously if they need to be more sheltered. It is then the responsibility of adults frequently monitor body heat and small moisture garments, and to adjust the layers in the proper way.
It is advisable to distribute the layers of clothing in the following order. It is advisable to use three layers of clothing, depending on the task to be performed and the outside temperature.
First layer: going against the body, mimicking the second skin, and consists of a shirt with long sleeves and long pants. Their function is to absorb moisture and keep the skin dry and warm. Natural fibers (wool and merino) are ideal. Also synthetic, such as polyester or some high – tech plastic membranes. Cotton is not recommended because it moistens and cools the skin.
Second layer: retains body heat, moisture absorbing isolating the first and sending it to the outer layer. The garments are being a little looser than the first layer must have quality windbreaker ( “wind breakers” in English or “coup-vent” in French), and in its development, many synthetic fibers are recommended, among which highlights the “Polar Fleece” or “Polar Wool.”
Third layer: the outer covering protects and serves as a barrier against the wind, rain, and snow. It needs to be waterproof. The clothes must be loose to not press the two inner layers. Therefore, a size larger than usual is recommended. Winter coats for this level are usually a mixture of synthetic and natural materials. For example, fake fur jackets with feather fillings. Indeed, it is made from synthetic fibers lighter. To this, it is added that, for ecological reasons, many dismiss the use of animal fur, although there are some who prefer this material.
2. Protects the head and limbs
Attire winter is considered incomplete without the headgear and limbs. Is paramount protect your head against cold, wind and moisture with a good cap “wooly hat,” which tape to the ears. This, usually worn under the waterproof hood, and is usually attached in winter coats. There may be earmuffs added, according to taste and heat level you want. It is essential to have a scarf which prevents the cold from going through the space between your coats and the neck.
For the upper and lower extremities technique, it can also be adopted in the layers, if appropriate. It is suggested that hands should never be exposed. To do this, choose gloves which are very thin, covered with other thicker (type mittens, for example). The latter are removed when using the cell phone or any other activity. However, there are also gloves made from special fibers that have tactile contact with the screens of cell phones. Thus, there are gloves specially made for when handling an electronic device. They are known as “winter gloves touch screen with fingers.”
On the feet, two pairs of socks are needed. The first pair is thin and tight so that the foot can absorb the cold. The second is preferably wool, merino or other natural or synthetic, to fulfill a function of thermal insulation fiber.
Attention to the extremities is a priority because the sensation of cold often starts by some bad feet and hands warm.
3. Choose good winter shoes
Buy good shoe for winter is the guarantee of comfort and protection for walking on snow. Usually, boots are used, whose models and clothing materials vary according to the task at hand. In all cases, winter boots should be waterproof. Otherwise, they will default function of thermal insulation.
The city shoes are for work or pleasure to make short walks. It looks elegant. Especially, women’s shoes, which usually take the form of sober and sophisticated boots, which extend at least to the ankle and are made with waterproof materials (mainly leather). Isolation increases with the insertion of templates heat felt or other material.
As for the men’s shoes, it is observed that some employees, who have required formality in dress shoes continue to use the summer while staying inside an enclosure. Upon leaving, they overlap a protective shoe or a kind of boot. This article is called “overshoes” in English.
The practice sports shoes for outdoor training and is designed with large boots, thick soles and, usually, rubber or insulating materials. It is to provide maximum comfort and preserve the heat of the foot. Generally, a higher than normal to protect the foot to two layers socks, if necessary size is recommended.
Crampons or “grip shoes” in English are an essential resource for the days when the pavement is covered with a layer of ice pretty slick. Certain models include movable shoe crampons.
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